What is a Basic Coagulation Test?

When we cut ourselves, coagulation?—?also known as clotting?—?is the process that prevents us from bleeding out excessively. Blood changes from a liquid to a solid-state, forming a blood clot. Through coagulation, our bodies can begin to heal and recover from wounds.

Abnormal coagulation happens when people bleed too easily and excessively or when clots develop in their blood vessels. Blood coagulation tests and interpretations allow your doctor to assess how quickly and how well your blood clots.

What is Hemostasis? 

Hemostasis is a group of metabolic processes?—?including coagulation?—?that allow bleeding to stop. Without it, wound healing would not be possible. The three phases of hemostasis are:

Types of Coagulation Tests

Coagulation profile tests aim to examine the process and factors present in the hemostasis. The types of coagulation tests are: 

Bleeding Time

This blood coagulation test analyzes how quickly the blood vessels close up after getting a cut.

During the test, a small cut will be done on the forearm. Doctors will measure the time it takes for the bleeding to stop after the cut was done. The wound can be cleaned up, but pressure must not be applied.

The normal time-lapse for bleeding to stop is around 7 to 9 minutes. Abnormal bleeding lapses might indicate:

Prothrombin Time and Partial Thromboplastin Time

Both tests focus on analyzing all of the clotting factors (proteins) of the hemostasia.

These tests consist of taking a blood sample to analyze in a lab. The results of the test will indicate the amount of time your blood takes to form a clot. The average time is around 10 to 14 seconds.

These tests are helpful to check conditions like:

Depending on your health condition, your doctor will determine which of the two tests is necessary. Sometimes doctors order both tests to have a better and more complete insight into your fibrin production.

Thrombin Time

This test measures how quick is the process of converting fibrinogen into fibrin during the presence of thrombin. 

Abnormal results might indicate: 

Fibrin degradation products blood test

Fibrin degradation products (FDPs) are blood components left behind in the bloodstream after clots have dissolved in the blood.

A blood sample is required for this test. The results aim to show if the fibrinolytic system works properly. The fibrinolytic system is responsible for regulating the blood flow by preventing the development of unnecessary blood clots.

Normal results are usually below 10 mcg/mL. Abnormal results may be a sign of: